In , Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy sought aid from Burma in order to ordain Buddhist monks on the island as there was hardly a single properly ordained monk left. Many women have been ordained in Sri Lanka since Since the Buddhist revival Sri Lanka has also been an important center of Western Buddhist scholarship. This warfare saw the sacking of viharas and made the situation difficult for Buddhism. They pioneered the establishment of Buddhist Viharas in Europe. Colonialism and Christianity[ edit ] Dutch painting of the Buddhist religious festival in Ceylon, c. Senanayake , Walisinghe Harischandra and W. During periods of decline, the Sri Lankan monastic lineage was revived through contact with Burma and Thailand. In the 19th century, a national Buddhist movement began as a response to Christian proselytizing, and was empowered by the results of the Panadura debate between Christian priests and Buddhist monks such as Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera and Hikkaduwe Sri Sumangala Thera which was widely seen as a victory for the Buddhists. However, after meeting Sri Lankan monks in the Chola capital who were refugees, he decided not to visit:
However, after meeting Sri Lankan monks in the Chola capital who were refugees, he decided not to visit: Along with Mahinda came his sibling Sanghamitra. Another important figure in the revival is Anagarika Dharmapala , initially an interpreter for Olcott, who traveled around the island preaching and writing. The Buddhist revival also resulted in Sinhala Buddhists carrying the torch of Buddhism and igniting it on foreign shores. On the pilgrim telling them of his intended visit to Ceylon for instruction, they told him that there were no Brethren there superior to them. Siam Nikaya , founded in the 18th century by Ven. Among these, the Isurumuniya and the Vessagiriya remain important centers of worship. Abolition of other Theravada traditions[ edit ] Before the 12th century, more rulers of Sri Lanka gave support and patronage to the Abhayagiris, and travelers such as Faxian saw the Abhayagiris as the main Buddhist tradition in Sri Lanka. During periods of decline, the Sri Lankan monastic lineage was revived through contact with Burma and Thailand. Since independence, Buddhism has continued to thrive on the island. They held the view that the Buddha, having been born in the Tusita heaven , lived there and never came down to earth and it was only a created form that appeared among men. After the arrival of Arahantha Mahinda, he invited his sister Sangamitta Thera to bring a sapling of the Bodhi Tree where Buddha was enlightened to Sri Lanka and the first Buddhist monastery, monuments and monk were introduced. The Temple of the Tooth was renovated during the Buddhist revival. See also the Milinda Panha. Buddhist leaders were also active in the movement for Sri Lankan independence. Since the Buddhist revival Sri Lanka has also been an important center of Western Buddhist scholarship. One of the first western bhikkhus, Nyanatiloka Mahathera studied in Sri Lanka, established the Island Hermitage there and ordained several western monks. Bhikkhuni ordination[ edit ] A few years after the arrival of Mahinda, Bhikkhuni Sanghamitta , who is also believed to be the daughter of Emperor Ashoka, came to Sri Lanka. Anagarika Dharmapala and Asoka Weeraratna are two such leading pioneers among many others. Education in these schools which disparaged Buddhism were a requirement for government office. Revivalist Buddhist scholars include Sir D. The associations of the Buddhist revival also contributed much to the publication of Buddhist texts, and promotion of Buddhist scholarship. They pioneered the establishment of Buddhist Viharas in Europe. Colonialism and Christianity[ edit ] Dutch painting of the Buddhist religious festival in Ceylon, c. She started the first nun's order in Sri Lanka, but this order of nuns died out in Sri Lanka in the 11th century.
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